Welcome to the wiki for the Social Media Mashup class!
For more information on what a wiki is and how to use it, scroll down the page to General wiki info.
This wiki is dedicated to the sharing and exchange of information for the Social Media Mashup class
at the New School: NCOM 3305 A CRN: 5140.
- To email the class, send to SocMediaMash@googlegroups.com
- Class Blog
- Class Blogroll
- Class Twitter roll.
- Class Links
Over the past two decades, the ways in which we collaborate have been re-defined by technologies that enable us to communicate and share environments with others across the globe. Social networking spaces, blogging/vlogging, wikis, instant messaging, webcasting, and gaming environments are just a few of the methods we employ to engage with each other. We live in a world of ever-expanding networks, and the ways that we process and 'mash up' the sound, images, multimedia, and data reflect the evolving interconnectedness of our interactions. The very process of participation has morphed with the advent of these technologies, and has had a profound impact on business practices, educational processes, creative processes, community life, and democratic citizenship. As a society, we have moved from an isolated, passive stance of taking in information, to active engagement with others in reshaping the world. We are a participatory culture.
Social Media Mashup introduces the concepts of social media and the mashup process as collaborative cultural exchange. While studying about remix culture and collaborative process, students will manifest projects that involve mashing up media using various web-based media creation, web-based editing, and sharing and techniques of online presentation. The result will be a series of vignettes which reflect the distributed nature of our natural dynamic, bringing us together in cohesive cultural fusion.
No books are required for the class; everything will be available online or downloadable as PDFs from our Google group (under "Files"). You will be required, however, to have access to either a webcam (an inexpensive one will be fine) or a digital video camera.
We will also be using a variety of tools available on the Internet:
For a full list plus other available tools, see the Resources on the class wiki.
Participation. Because this class is a project-based seminar, your thoughtful participation is essential to its success. You are required to contribute—courteously and meaningfully—to discussions on the class blog. Participation is worth 20% of your final grade.
Assignments. There are a series of assignments throughout the term. Completion of these assignments brings familiarity with some of the tools available for remixing and collaborating, while simultaneously discussing the concepts upon which they are based and the community and kinds of collaboration that develop around them. These assignments are worth 60% of your final grade.
Final Project. The final project will be a collaborative, networked mashup that must be manifested completely online. You will be required to collaborate with at least one other person in the class; the theme and media choice(s), i.e., video, still images, sound, and/or data, will be of your own choosing. The entire project must be collaboratively conducted online, from concept creation, through development, realization and documentation. Document your progress and process on the class blog. Post images/sound/video/etc and link to them on the blog. Address the key theoretical concepts involved as well as your thoughts about the process and output. Choose your partners by Week 9. Final projects and documentation are due by Dec 17. This project is worth 20% of your final grade.
WEEKS 1 & 2: Aug 30-Sept 5 and Sept 6-12
An overview of the remix and collaboration in networked environments in different contexts.
Remixing and the collective mashup – what is it and how did it develop? What is collaboration in a networked environment? We’ll explore concepts of collaboration and networked environments, some examples and an overview within social, educational, arts, and business contexts.
- Manovich, Lev. "What comes after remix?" Remix Theory. Winter 2007. <http://remixtheory.net/?p=169>.
- Navas, Eduardo. “Remix Defined.” Remix Theory. < http://remixtheory.net/?page_id=3>.
- Jenkins, Henry. “From YouTube to Youniversity.” HenryJenkins.org. <http://www.henryjenkins.org/2007/02/from_youtube_to_youniversity.html>.
- Jenkins, Henry. "Welcome to Convergence Culture." HenryJenkins.org. <http://www.henryjenkins.org/2006/06/welcome_to_convergence_culture.html>.
Examples of participatory culture and/or remix culture:
- http://remixamerica.org/ - "RemixAmerica.org is a multi-partisan, non-profit website that uses digital technology to give everyone the chance to own the words, the music, the images and sounds of America in digital form; to remix those expressions and ideas with their own; and to send the products of our community's creativity out to the world... where others will come back to us and start it all over again."
- http://thru-you.com/ - "What you are about to see is a mix of unrelated YouTube videos/clips edited together to create ThruYou. In other words - what you see is what you hear..."
- http://newsmap.jp/ and project info at http://marumushi.com/projects/newsmap - "Newsmap is an application that visually reflects the constantly changing landscape of the Google News news aggregator. A treemap visualization algorithm helps display the enormous amount of information gathered by the aggregator...provides a tool to divide information into quickly recognizable bands which, when presented together, reveal underlying patterns in news reporting across cultures and within news segments in constant change around the globe."
- http://pipes.yahoo.com/pipes/ - Remix feeds and create new data mashups in a visual programming environment.
a. Create a username and log into the class blog. For your first comment, introduce yourself. Write a short paragraph (bio).
We will all be posting class-related discussions via the blog and not via Blackboard.
b. Join the class group. We will be using the Google group email list to communicate logistical things and brief interactions. If you’re asking, “What is the difference between using the blog and the Google group email to communicate?” Mainly, the blog is public and the Google group is private; also, the Google group email can be used more conversationally/ for brief exchanges, whereas the blog can be for longer thoughts.
c. We'll be using a variety of tools in this class and having some organizational tools will become essential. Delicious is an online social bookmarking tool that will help you store, organize and share your bookmarks. Create a Delicious account, if you don’t already have one, and add funksoup to your Delicious network. If you’re new to del.icio.us, check out our What is Delicious? page. You might also find this tutorial helpful: Useful: A beginner’s guide to del.icio.us. You can import your bookmarks you already have into your account or leave it as is. One of the first bookmarks you may want to post is http://delicious.com/funksoup/ParticipatoryCulture which is how I’ve tagged links that relate to participatory culture.
When you come across a link that you want to save, post it to your Delicious bookmarks. Links that people in your network have posted show up under "Network". This way, we can share relevant links. You can also post a link specifically to someone in your network by specifying whom in your network the link is for by entering their username in the "SEND" field (i.e., if you wanted to send me a link, in the SEND field, type "funksoup". You can also put "for:funksoup" in the "TAGS" field and it will do the same thing). If you come across a link that you think is pertinent to the class, you can send it to me.
Again, if you're new to it, please check out our What is Delicious? page. Post your Delicious URL to the class wiki.
d. Go to http://newsmap.jp/ and explore the different options (customizability by region/topic/time). Go to http://www.oamos.com/ and try it (Enter any search term into the box. For fun, try your own name or the name of an artist/persona that you prefer). Go to http://msnbcmedia.msn.com/i//msnbc/Components/spectra/index.html and add some news channels and then explore the interface (toggle images on, change view, try a word filter, etc). Each of these sites uses news as a source but approaches the mashup and visualization differently. Some are more straightforward, some - abstract. What did you think of the way that these sites mash up news, user input and mixed media? (I'm not asking which you thought was 'better' - they each approach the concept differently - just observe the qualitative differences). Post your thoughts on the class blog
Note that it's not necessary for everyone to start a new post. You can also comment thoughtfully on other posts as well. As long as you're participating in the discussion, either creating a post or commenting -- either are fine.
If you're new to blogging and you're not sure how to create a post or comment, here's how:
- To create a new post, just log into the class blog which will put you into your dashboard. You can either click "New Post" in the upper-righthand corner or you can click on "Add New" under the Posts section on the lefthand side.
- To create a comment, log into the class blog which will put you into your dashboard. Click on "Visit site" on the top of the page which will put you back at the home page. Find the post to which you would like to add the comment. Click the "Comments" link at the bottom of the post. It will expand the Comments section and you'll be able to write your comment.
WEEKS 3 & 4: Sept 13-19 and Sept 20-26
The process is the product. Part 1: Mashing up images
What kinds of processes are involved? What has emerged as a result of this process? What does the process imply in terms of authorship and audience?
- Shiga, John. "Copy-and-Persist: The Logic of Mash-Up Culture." Critical Studies in Media Communication. Vol. 24, No. 2, June 2007, pp. 93-114. [Download from our Google group under the "Files" section - Shiga_CopyPersist_MashUpCulture.pdf]
- Shreve, Jenn. "Anyone for Photoshop Tennis?" Wired. 27 September 2001. <http://www.wired.com/culture/lifestyle/news/2001/09/47132>.
a. Create an Aviary account if you don’t already have one. Upload at least 5 pictures (They don’t have to be of yourself – they can be anything. I’m more concerned with the process than with the content.). Post your Aviary URL to the class wiki (log into Aviary then click on You > Your profile to get your URL). Add contacts (start with your fellow classmates).
b. Add some photos from your Aviary account to the Social Media Mashup Aviary group.
Join the Social Media Mashup group at http://www.aviary.com/groups_group?gid=223930
If it doesn't let you request to join, send me an email with your Aviary username and then I'll send you an invite to the Aviary group. If for some reason you don't receive the invitation, please let me know so I can re-send. Once you're in the group, then just add one or more images to that group. Go to the image you want to add, then click the "Add to groups" button on the right side of the image, then choose the group "Social Media Mashup" then click Submit.
c. Go to http://www.flickr.com/groups/pstennis/ - this is the flickr "PhotoShop Tennis" group, in which participants post an original photo, structure a game around photoshopping the original image and adding/editing elements. Check out some of the games that people have posted, for instance, the Trouble in Paradise game.
d. Based on the PhotoShop Tennis game, we will make our own mini version of it for this assignment. Take one of the images in our Social Media Mashup Aviary group and, using Aviary, add one or more elements in one of your images to it, or vice versa - add one or more elements from someone else's images to your image).
NOTE: this is not a test of how well you can edit an image - this is just a playful exploration of image mashing so please don't worry about how polished the edited image is.
- 1. Here are some video tutorials on how to use Aviary's image editing tools:
- 2. Upload your finished image into our Social Media Mashup Aviary group
- 3. Blog about the process on our class blog - relate it to the readings and include links to your image(s).
WEEK 5: Sept 27-Oct 3
The architecture of a network: nodes and swarms.
What is the nature of the rhizome? What is “swarm architecture” and “distributed creativity”? What are its spatial characteristics? How does this affect the way that we interact?
- Excerpt from Oosterhuis, Kas. Hyperbodies: Towards an E-motive Architecture. Basel: Birkhäuser, 2003: from “Distributed Being” to “ Transaction Spaces.” pp. 36-69. (Oosterhuis_Hyperbodies.pdf)
- Excerpt from Deleuze, Gilles, and Félix Guattari. “Introduction: Rhizome.” A Thousand Plateaus: Capitalism and Schizophrenia. Trans. Brian Massumi. Minneapolis: 1987. pp. 3-25. (Deleuze_Rhizome.pdf)
- http://labs.digg.com/swarm/ - Digg’s Swarm tool. Visualization of popular news stories as “swarms.” “Diggers swarm around active stories and make them grow. Yellow stories have more diggs.”
- http://www.visualcomplexity.com/vc/project.cfm?id=97 - Large-scale online social network visualization.
- http://www.visualthesaurus.com/ - An interactive dictionary and thesaurus that uses network visualization to display word and semantic relationships.
a. Create an account on Seesmic. Some of you may already have a Seesmic account and if so, use your existing one. Seesmic is a video-blogging service that allows for threaded video conversations. We will be using it to have video conversations with each other. You can go ahead and add me: http://seesmic.tv/funksoup. Post your Seesmic URL to the class wiki. For an example of how a Seesmic video conversation works, you can have a look at this video thread from a previous semester, in which Fred Benenson from Creative Commons came to talk to our class: http://seesmic.tv/threads/RpoFJjdp0I
- For your first video post, introduce yourself. If you already have an existing Seesmic account, you can skip the introduction. Note that you can reply to each other's video posts if you so desire. (To reply, click the red "Reply" button over the video.) Others in the Seesmic community at large may also reply to your video post, so don't be surprised if you have people from other parts of the world responding to you - that's the beauty of Seesmic.
b. What is the nature of the rhizome? What is meant by “swarm architecture”, "hive mind" and “distributed creativity”? What are its spatial characteristics? How does this affect the way that we interact? Post your thoughts on the class blog or record your thoughts as a Seesmic post and link to that post on the blog.
WEEK 6: Oct 4-10
Presence, Collaboration & Play.
Part of having a richer experience online is extending our presence. What is meant by 'presence' and how can we extend it? "A network alone does not create collaboration" - what does? Why is play important? How can we translate methods for collaboration into an online space (i.e., the methods explained in the James Highsmith excerpt)? What are the best practices?
- Leggett, Mike. "Presence, Interaction and 'data space'. Creativity & Cognition Symposium, Sydney 2004. (Leggett_Presence.pdf)
- Excerpt from Highsmith III, James A. Adaptive Software Development: A Collaborative Approach to Managing Complex Systems. New York: Dorset House Publishing Co., Inc., 2000. Chapter 5: “Great Groups and the Ability to Collaborate.” pp. 113-142. (Highsmith_Ch5_Groups.pdf)
- Kane, Pat. "The Play Ethic: lessons from play in an adverse economic climate." ThePlayEthic.com. <http://www.theplayethic.com/2009/06/pat-kanes-keynote-at-the-economists-opportunity-in-adversity-conference-london-june-2-.html>.
- Terdiman, Daniel. “Future games to harness players' collective wisdom.” CNET News.com. 6 March 2007. <http://news.com.com/Future+games+to+harness+players+collective+wisdom/2100-1043_3-6164971.html?tag=cd.top>.
- Thompson, Clive. “Clive Thompson on How Twitter Creates a Social Sixth Sense.” Wired. 26 June 2007. <http://www.wired.com/techbiz/media/magazine/15-07/st_thompson>.
a. Post your thoughts about the readings/viewings on the blog. Keep these questions in mind: "What is meant by 'presence' and how can we extend it?" "A network alone does not create collaboration" - what does? "Why is play important?" "How can we translate methods for collaboration into an online space (i.e., the methods explained in the James Highsmith excerpt)?" "What are the best practices?
b. Create an account on Twitter. Twitter is a micro-blogging platform that also allows for interconnecting between platforms (you can connect your 'tweets' so that they show up on your Facebook status, as text on your mobile phone, and/or within instant messaging like Google chat). The 'tweets' are limited to 140 characters at a time, so it's easily do-able. You can go ahead and add me: http://twitter.com/funksoup. Post your Twitter URL to the class wiki. Add your classmates twitter names too. You will be required to tweet at least once a day for the duration of this class as part of our efforts to create 'presence'.
Think about how you can use Twitter to further your career interests. Are you trying to connect with people in a particular industry? For this assignment, let's explore it: find people in your industry and scope of interests to follow on Twitter by going to http://search.twitter.com and entering in keywords. Follow those that are talking about things that are relevant to you. Share your findings on the Twitter roll page. Check out this post for how to best optimize your use of Twitter: Why Twitter?.
WEEKS 7 & 8: Oct 11-17 and Oct 18-24
The process is the product. Part 2: Mashing up sound
What kinds of processes are involved? What has emerged as a result of this process? What does the process imply in terms of authorship and audience?
- Miller, Paul D (aka DJ Spooky). “FreezeFrame - an essay on music composition on the Internet.” nettime., 1 October 2002. <http://www.nettime.org/Lists-Archives/nettime-l-0210/msg00000.html>.
- Eshun, Kodwo. "Everything was to be done. All the adventures are still there." Interview with Geert Lovink. Heise online. 10 July 2000. <http://www.heise.de/tp/r4/artikel/6/6902/1.html>.
- Miller, Paul D (aka DJ Spooky). "In Through the Out Door: Sampling and the Creative Act." Sound Unbound. Ed. Paul D. Miller. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2008. <http://mitpress.mit.edu/books/chapters/0262633639chap2.pdf>.
- View the video: "MELLODRAMA: Mellotron/Chamberlin Documentary Trailer." Dir. Dianna Dilworth. Youtube. 13 Jan. 2009. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rCabuis6t2w>.
- Listen to some of the geotagged sounds (sounds that have geographical data associated with them) on FreeSound and Open Sound New Orleans:
- Geotagged sounds on FreeSound: http://www.freesound.org/geotagsView.php
- Open Sound New Orleans project: http://opensoundneworleans.com
- Note that you can download the sound files on each of these sites and that the sounds are available to use freely (an issue we will discuss when we get into Fair Use and copyright/copyleft issues later in the semester)
- Have a look at the ccMixter site, which is a "community music site featuring remixes licensed under Creative Commons where you can listen to, sample, mash-up, or interact with music in whatever way you want."
For this assignment, there are two options (or you can choose to do both).
a. Option 1: Check out Piano Etudes. Scroll down and click on one of the etudes ("Observing Squirrels," "Learning to Dance," "Reading a Poem," etc.). It will take you to a window in which you can play individual sound phrases and add them to the timeline below to make a whole piece. When you are finished, click "Sharing" on the left side and "Save and share my etude." This will save it and create a link to your new piece. You can also download an mp3 of your piece by clicking "Get an mp3 of my etude."
Blog about the process on our class blog, relate it to the readings and include a link to your etude.
NOTE: though this process is simpler than the option below (Option 2), it is slightly less creative, since the phrases are already pre-made and you'll find that certain phrases only connect with specific others. That being said, however, experiment and if you want more room to play, try Aviary's music editor, Myna, in the option below.
b. Option 2: For those with a little more experience in audio editing, or if you just feel adventurous, check out the Aviary's music editor, Myna. You can browse through the collection of popular mixes and the Hall of Fame. To play a clip, click on the egg icon. To open the clip in the audio editor, click on the filename then click Open in Audio Editor. It will open with all the tracks displaying and you can mix and mash within that window. The interface is similar to many audio editing programs so it may be familiar to many of you. You can bring in other sounds by clicking on the Library button on the bottom panel. The buttons underneath that are Quantum Tracks, Aviary and SoundCloud. If you click on Quantum Tracks, it will display a library of tracks that you can play and then drag into the timeline above. If you click on Aviary, then un-check "Mine Only?" and then enter a keyword in the "file, user, tags" field, it will search the entire Aviary database for sounds with that keyword (i.e., "drum" or "bell") and then you can drag them into the timeline above. Same thing goes for SoundCloud, just do a keyword search, check out the search results then drag your choice(s) into the timeline.
Blog about the process on our class blog, relate it to the readings and include a link to your remix.
NOTE: once again, this is not a test of how well you can compose or edit audio - this is a playful exploration of sound mashing so please don't worry about how polished it is. Please keep it short - no longer than 30 seconds preferably.
WEEK 9: Oct 25-31
Networked collaboration as outreach: possibilities in education, activism and participatory democracy.
What kinds of collaboration have been explored in educational networked spaces? How does this environment affect the exchange between teacher and student, between student and student? How does networked collaboration figure into e-government and communication? What are the effects of a participatory culture on participatory democracy?
- Calore, Michael. "Web Mashups Turn Citizens Into Washington's Newest Watchdogs." Wired. 26 April 2007. <http://www.wired.com/politics/law/news/2007/04/maplight>.
- Cohn, David. “Form Trumps Substance at BarCamp.” Wired. 03 October 2006. <http://www.wired.com/science/discoveries/news/2006/10/71897>.
- Havenstein, Heather. “Wiki becomes textbook in Boston College classroom.” Computerworld. 15 August 2007. <http://www.computerworld.com/action/article.do?command=viewArticleBasic&taxonomyId=16&articleId=9030802&intsrc=hm_topic>.
- Jenkins, Henry. “From Participatory Culture to Participatory Democracy.” Confessions of an Aca/Fan: The Official Weblog of Henry Jenkins. 5 March 2007. <http://www.henryjenkins.org/2007/03/from_participatatory_culture_t.html> NOTE: Please read the whole series: Parts 1-4.
- Krug, David. “Educators Flock To Blogging.” 901am.com. 25 January 2007. <http://www.901am.com/2007/educators-flock-to-blogging.html>.
- Everts, Sarah. “Second Life Science.” Chemical & Engineering News. Vol. 85, No. 26. 25 June 2007. <http://pubs.acs.org/cen/science/85/8526sci3.html>.
- Simon, Mallory. "Student 'Twitters' his way out of Egyptian jail." CNN.com. 25 April 2008. <http://www.cnn.com/2008/TECH/04/25/twitter.buck/index.html>.
- Williamson, Elizabeth. “Freedom of Information, the Wiki Way.” washingtonpost.com. 15 January 2007. <http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/01/14/AR2007011400760.html>
- http://www.ushahidi.com/ - is an open source platform that crowdsources crisis information; it enables anyone to submit crisis information through text messaging using a mobile phone, email or web form.
- http://barcamp.org/ - BarCamp is an ad-hoc gathering born from the desire for people to share and learn in an open environment. It is an international network of unconferences — open, participatory workshop-events, whose content is provided by participants — focusing on early-stage web applications, and related open source technologies and social protocols.
- http://www.bronxriverart.org/ecomedia/cj/ - Bronx River Ecomedia blog - aims to give Bronx residents a voice and raise ecological awareness of the Bronx, NY.
- http://newmedialiteracies.org/ - Project New Media Literacies, "a research initiative based within MIT's Comparative Media Studies program, explores how we might best equip young people with the social skills and cultural competencies required to become full participants in an emergent media landscape and raise public understanding about what it means to be literate in a globally interconnected, multicultural world."
- http://holymeatballs.org/ - Blog about the Global Kids Digital Media Initiative - a series of interrelated programs (much of which happens in Second Life) designed to support teenagers to think critically about the role of digital media in their lives and document their experiences in various media.
- http://ocw.mit.edu/ - MIT's OpenCourseWare: a free and open educational resource (OER) for educators, students, and self-learners around the world.
- http://www.groundreport.com/ - "GroundReport.com is a global news platform that enables reporters around the world to publish videos and articles and earn money based on traffic."
- http://newstrust.net/ - NewsTrust offers "an integrated online service, including an information credibility filter, news literacy tools and a civic engagement network."
- http://www.youtube.com/debates - CNN/youtube presidential debates.
- View the machinima documentary on the presence of activism in Second Life: <http://blip.tv/file/227095/>.
a. Explore blogs related to your specific interests/industry. You can use Technorati to search for them. Take note of those blogs, and add at least five of them to a blog aggregator/reader so you can read posts from multiple blogs on a regular basis. If you don’t already use one, I recommend netvibes. There are more listed on the class wiki under Resources. You can also add the entries feed as well as the comments feed from our class blog. Post the blogs that you found on the blogroll page on the wiki.
UPDATE: you can also use alltop.com – it filters the latest stories on specific topics from blogs as well as mainstream media, and aggregates them into individual web pages, so for example, you can find nonprofit news at nonprofit.alltop.com, journalism news at journalism.alltop.com and education news at education.alltop.com. Just search for topic by entering in the term in the search field on the home page of alltop.com or click on the alphabet letters above that.
b. Final project proposal is due. Please post them on the Final project proposals page.
c. Start choosing your partners and organizing into groups for your final projects. You can contact each other initially via our Googlegroup list then when partners are chosen, continue contact with each other individually. When you’ve picked your partners, post your names on the wiki under Partners .
c. Post your thoughts about the readings/viewings on the blog. Keep these questions in mind: What kinds of collaboration have been explored in educational networked spaces? How does this environment affect the exchange between teacher and student, between student and student? How does networked collaboration figure into e-government and communication? What are the effects of a participatory culture on participatory democracy?
WEEKS 10 & 11: Nov 1-7 and Nov 8-14
Mashing & Mapping Data
Previously, we have mashed up different kinds of media. Now we'll look at mashing up data with media, such as geotagging, combining data sources and data visualization. What kinds of information do data mashups provide? What has emerged as a result of these processes?
- "Two to Three Years: Data Mashups." 2008 Horizon Report. <http://wp.nmc.org/horizon2008/chapters/data-mashups/>.
- Interestingness. <http://interes.tingness.com/>. - "a daily dose of interesting photographic inspiration from Flickr" (based on the "Interesting" feature on Flickr, which measures views and comments on an image)
- Ostrow, Adam. "13 Must-See Google Maps Mashups." Mashable. <http://mashable.com/2007/07/11/google-maps-mashups-2/>.
- Google Maps Mania. <http://googlemapsmania.blogspot.com/>. - lots of examples of Google Maps mashups
- Pipes. <http://pipes.yahoo.com/pipes/>. - an interactive feed aggregator and manipulator. There's a lot of potential here, for mashing up all kinds of data sources. For example, try the NYC Apartment Near Something pipe, which combines Yahoo maps with newyork.backpage.com apartment listings to generate a map of apartments in NYC 'near' things like parks or whatever you put in the search field. Or check out the Environmental News pipe, which aggregates many environmentally-focused news feeds. Or the New York Times thru Flickr pipe, which takes the NY Times homepage, passes it thru Content Analysis and uses the keywords to find Photos at Flickr. With each pipe, you can see how it has been created by clicking on View Source. You can also click Clone to copy and modify it to create your own pipe. Finally, if you want to track how brand or product mentions across a slew of social media sites, try the Social Media Firehose pipe.
- Twist. <http://twist.flaptor.com/>. -"view trending topics in Twitter" (Enter a keyword in the "Show trends" field. For example, type "Madoff" in the Show trends field and then click "Last 30 days" to see the peaks and valleys of when the Madoff topic was being talked about - large peaks in February and smaller peaks in March. Notice also the "Hot Topics" list on the right.) [Note: if you don't know/understand what Twitter is, check out this article: Why Twitter?]
- Twittervision. <http://twittervision.com/>. [Note: if you don't know/understand what Twitter is, check out this article: Why Twitter?]
- wilkox. "Ubiquity, Mozilla’s new command-line tool, is the future of Firefox and the internet." <http://wilkox.wordpress.com/2008/08/27/ubiquity-mozillas-new-command-line-tool-is-the-future-of-firefox-and-the-internet/>.
- Mashup Awards: the Best Mashups on the Web. <http://mashupawards.com/winners/>. (The most recent mashup winners, ranging from Woozor - a Google Maps / Weather.com mashup providing 10 day weather forecasts all around the world to DivVoted - which lets you vote for your favorite sites with Twitter]. Click the "Older" button at the bottom to see older Mashup Award winners (there are many more).
a. Make sure you check out all of the examples above, as well as the links within the "Two to Three Years: Data Mashups" article.
b. Create a Flickr account if you don’t already have one. Upload at least 5 pictures (They don’t have to be of yourself – they can be anything. I’m more concerned with the process than with the content.). Post your Flickr URL to the class wiki. Note: you can customize your Flickr URL. Add contacts (start with your fellow classmates). If you're new to flickr, check out our What is Flickr? page.
b. Geotag some of your photos in Flickr. To do this, log into Flickr, then go to one of your photos. On the right side, under Additional Information, you'll see an "Add to your map" link. Click that, which will take you to a map where you can enter the location (city, state or city, country). When finished, click Done, which will take you back to the photo. You'll now see your geotag where the "Add to your map" link was.
To see how geotagging works, go to http://www.flickr.com/map/ and in the Search field, search "Everyone's Uploads" for a keyword of your choice. For example, searching for "graffiti" will display a map with dots that indicate flickr photos with graffiti that have been geotagged in particular places. You can also constrain the search by a more specific location; for example, you can search "Everyone's Uploads" for "graffiti" in "New York".
You can create a link to the map you just made by clicking the "Link to this map" button on the right. For example, the search I just did for graffiti in New York creates this link:
Create a link to the map you made using your search term(s); include it in a blog post about your process.
c. Create your own Pipe. See the description in the examples above. You can either create your own from scratch or clone one that you like and want to modify. I recommend watching the "Learn How to Build a Pipe in Just a Few Minutes" intro video. If you feel lost, watch the intro video and try a simple pipe like one of the pipes shown in the video.
Save and publish your pipe; include a link to it in your blog post.
e. Blog about your processes and include links to your Flickr map and Pipe. Of the examples and other data mashups you came across, which were your favorites? Why? What kinds of data and meaning has emerged as a result of processes like these?
WEEK 12: Nov 15-21
Copyright, Copyleft and Fair Use
What are the main arguments of this 'copyfight'? How have the outcomes affected remix artists? How do Creative Commons licenses affect remix culture?
- Hansell, Saul. "Bits Debate: Mixing It Up Over Remixes and Fair Use." New York Times. 16 January 2008. <http://bits.blogs.nytimes.com/2008/01/16/830/>.
- Doctorow, Cory. "Cory Doctorow: Why I Copyfight." Locus Magazine. 06 November 2008. <http://www.locusmag.com/Features/2008/11/cory-doctorow-why-i-copyfight.html>.
- Doctorow, Cory. "Cory Doctorow: Creative Commons." Locus Magazine. 08 November 2007. <http://www.locusmag.com/Features/2007/11/cory-doctorow-creative-commons.html>.
- Watch the video of the NYPL/Wired event featuring Lawrence Lessig, Shepard Fairey, & Steven Johnson. "Remix: Making Art and Commerce Thrive in the Hybrid Economy." NYPL.org. 26 February 2009. <http://www.nypl.org/research/chss/pep/pepdesc.cfm?id=5206>.
- Go to the Creative Commons site and check out their objectives and the different licenses that are available:
- http://creativecommons.org/about/licenses/ or use this wizard on this page http://creativecommons.org/license/ which asks questions like "Allow commercial uses of your work?" and "Allow modifications of your work?" along with responses that help to determine which license you would prefer
- See the licenses in action on flickr: http://www.flickr.com/creativecommons/
- Center for Social Media's study on copyright and creativity ("Recut, Reframe, Recycle: Quoting Copyrighted Material in User-Generated Video"): http://www.centerforsocialmedia.org/resources/publications/recut_reframe_recycle/
- Creative Commons: http://creativecommons.org/
- Fair Use Project: http://cyberlaw.stanford.edu/fair-use-project
a. Now that you know what Creative Commons licenses are, change your flickr and Aviary image licenses to Creative Commons. See this CC licenses page on the wiki for instructions on how to change your licenses in flickr & Aviary to Creative Commons.
- To see these licenses in action, try searching for images that have one of the CC licenses applied. Go to http://www.flickr.com/search/advanced/ and enter an image search term then scroll down to the Creative Commons section. Make sure the "Only search within Creative Commons-licensed content" checkbox is checked as well as the "Find content to modify, adapt, or build upon" checkbox, to find images that you can mash up. Note that if an image has an "All Rights Reserved"- the image owner probably doesn't want you to use or remix the image (or they may just not know that they can change their licenses to CC). By using the search tool and specifying that you want Creative Commons-licensed content, this ensures that the images you get will be ok to use and remix. You can also use the [http://search.creativecommons.org/ Creative Commons search tool to find media from other sources as well.
WEEKS 13 & 14: Nov 22-28 and Nov 29-Dec 5
Mashing up video
Our guest speaker will be Dan Winckler, visualist/VJ, projection designer and programmer/hacker of tools for live visual performance and creative archaeology. His latest software project is Open Emu, a set of tools for “virtual console bending”, i.e., live manipulation and deconstruction of old school game consoles including the NES, Sega Genesis, and Game Boy Advance. You can check out his demo reel here: http://danwinckler.com/portfolio/ He will be coming in via Tokbox to respond to our thoughts/questions about the mashup process. UPDATE: here's the recorded videoconference session with Dan: http://blip.tv/file/4452744
"...the remix never ends, it is everlasting, ever expanding and unstoppable, an active force giving actual potentiality to the creator and freeing music/content/information from its constraints. The progressive possibilities to mash-up, refashion and reconfigure culture in such an inherently modern manner, makes music/content/information/art, as Tankel concludes while referring to Benjamin, into the building blocks of represented repetition itself:
'The remix recording creates a new artifact from the schemata of previously recorded music. It is prima facie evidence of Benjamin’s contention that to “an ever greater degree the work of art reproduced becomes the work of art designed for reproducibility.'"
- Janneke Adema referencing Jonathan David Tankel with quote by Walter Benjamin, from "Schyzophonia. On Remix, Hybridization and Fluidity"
"The French philosopher Paul Virilio argued that every new technology comes complete with its own unique catastrophe; the invention of the aeroplane, for instance, was also the invention of the plane crash. The corollary of the sample epiphany is what I call the 'sample stain'."
- Simon Reynolds, from "What is your sampling epiphany?"
- Finish readings from last week (Doctorow, Hansell, Lessig)
- Adema, Janneke. "Schyzophonia. On Remix, Hybridization and Fluidity." Open Reflections. 22 March 2009. <http://openreflections.wordpress.com/2009/03/22/schyzophonia-on-remix-hybridization-and-fluidity/>.
- Reynolds, Simon. "What is your sampling epiphany?" guardian.co.uk. 26 February 2009. <http://www.guardian.co.uk/music/musicblog/2009/feb/26/sampling-epiphany-massive-attack>.
- http://ccinsider.comedycentral.com/cc_insider/2009/01/the-inevitable-colbertlessig-remixes.html - remix of Stephen Colbert's interview with Lawrence Lessig
- http://gizmodo.com/5169878/heres-the-most-amazing-mashup-music-video-you-are-going-to-see-this-month - really well-executed mashup. The artist, Kutiman has sampled audio and video tracks from about 50 YouTube videos.
- http://www.eclecticmethod.net/ - Eclectic Method "helped pioneer the emerging art of audio-visual mixing since first cutting U2’s Mysterious Ways music video with the Beastie Boys’ Intergalactic as an experiment back in 2002. The trio’s audio-visual mash-ups feature television, film, music and video game footage sliced and diced into blistering, post-modern dance floor events..."
- http://www.opensourcecinema.org/ - An Open Source Documentary Film about Copyright
- http://orange.blender.org/blog/creative-commons-remix/ - Remixes of Elephant's Dream
- http://www.apple.com/pro/profiles/d-fuse2/video.html - the VJ group D-Fuse demo reel, including clips from live VJ shows
- http://www.politicalremixvideo.com/ - collection of examples of Political Remix Video online
- http://createdigitalmusic.com/tag/vj/ - Create Digital Music's articles tagged "vj" - videos as well as resources for all things VJ
Machinima is cinema shot inside a virtual world, like Halo or World of Warcraft or Second Life (machinima = machine+cinema). I am including machinima in "video mashup" since it has aspects of re-sourcing/re-appropriating virtual world elements.
- http://thisspartanlife.com/about.php - "This Spartan Life" is a machinima take-off of "This American Life," with interviews shot inside the Halo video game. View the trailer on that page.
- http://journey.machinimag.com/ (Click on "captured Movie" and download the zipped movie file) - "The Journey" by Friedrich Kirschner. A machinima piece made with Unreal Tournament 2003 by Epic Games.
- http://youtube.com/watch?v=c_gT0YDAkec - ZeroG Skydancers, produced and directed by DanCoyote Antonelli, machinimatography by Gary Hazlitt. Shot inside the virtual world Second Life.
a. We'll be having a realtime video conference in Tokbox with our guest speaker, Dan Winckler. We may also have a video conversation in Seesmic, in which case I'll post an intro, then you can reply by posting a question or your thoughts about the mashup process/concepts (or reply to someone else's questions/thoughts). It doesn't have to be a long post, just a short reflection on what issues you think are pertinent or opinions you may have. Here are some discussion starters: How have your ideas about 'mashup' been augmented/changed/etc? Having just finished the Flickr maps and Pipes assignment, have your ideas expanded regarding the way data/media can be mashed and manipulated? Did you check out Dan's portfolio - and do you have any questions about his process? UPDATE: here's the recorded videoconference session with Dan: http://blip.tv/file/4452744
a. For our video mashup assignment, we will be using JayCut, a collaborative online video-editing community with browser-based editing and video sharing features. After you register and create your username, click "Create Movie" to create/edit a movie. This will launch the video editor. You can add your own video and audio clips or grab existing clips from other sites like Archive.org, Aviary, FreeSound, etc. To upload clips, click on the "Add Media" button on the right side, navigate to the source (ex: My Computer), click Next, then Browse, then navigate to the video/audio/image file that you would like to upload. Click "Add more files" to upload more files or "Upload" to finish. Drag clips into the timeline by clicking on the item in the Video or Audio or Image tab, and dragging into the timeline below (where it says "Video A" or "Video B" or "Audio"). You can also add transitions, text, etc. When finished, click "Publish/Download movie" and make sure to Publish to web/JayCut. Once your movie is published, someone else in the class can remix it by clicking on that movie and clicking "Remix". Please put your JayCut URL (ex: http://jaycut.com/users/funksoup) on the links page on the wiki so that other people in the class can access your movie(s) and remix.
d. Blog about the process and include links to your mashup(s).
e. Start working on your final projects. Since your final projects may also be in JayCut (or other tools of your choice), you may use the material generated from this assignment (and/or previous assignments as well) for the project.
WEEKS 15 & 16 Dec 6-12 and Dec 13-20
a. We will be using the Exquisite Corpse structure for this project. This was a technique created by the Surrealists to generate surprising, chance-driven creative material.
Note: The material that you have generated in the last exercise using JayCut, as well as other material generated from the previous sound, image and data assignments, may be used for this project.
- i. Example using drawing: fold a piece of paper into thirds, one person draws a head then folds the paper to conceal their drawing, the next person draws a body then folds the paper to conceal their drawing, etc. so that you have an ‘exquisite corpse’ that’s been drawn consisting of different styles.
- ii. Variation of above - use large drawing paper for this exercise: one person draws an abstract doodling on a section of the paper then conceals most of it with another sheet of paper, revealing only a couple of inches of his/her drawing; the next person looks at the small portion that the last person has revealed (the couple of inches that is showing), and continues to draw based on what he/she sees; this process continues until finished. Do not look at the drawing until the entire process is finished.
- iii. Variation using digital images: create a digital image (or use one that you already have), upload only a slice/portion of that image; the next person looks at that portion and adds to that image; this process continues until finished.
- iv. Variation using sound/video: create a sound/video piece (or use one that you already have), upload a portion of the piece (a few seconds or frames); the next person observes that portion and adds to that; this process continues until finished.
b. You can use any of the tools we've used in the class, or some combination thereof, i.e, JayCut or Aviary, etc. You can use material that you've made within these assignments or upload new material.
c. Use online resources in your planning and execution process. For example, you may want to set up a Skype session to talk through the exercise and/or use Twiddla to whiteboard your ideas together. Blog about your process and the outcomes. Post final projects and documentation by Dec 18.
Go to the Links page to post your Flickr links, Wikipedia assignment links, and personal/portfolio sites
General wiki info
You can edit this page by clicking on the "Edit" button on the top left. Feel free to add/edit/contribute, but please don't delete other people's contributions.
For wiki guidelines, check out the JSPWiki Etiquette page.
For helpful wiki formatting tips, check out the Wikimedia Editing page.
Create a new page
To create a new page, create the link by typing the new page title where it says "http://networkedcollab.org/index.php?title=...". For example:
http://networkedcollab.org/index.php?title=New_page creates a page called "New page" and
http://networkedcollab.org/index.php?title=Project_1 creates a page called "Project 1"